Association of Malnutrition Based on Body Mass Index with A Presence of Oral Disease

Authors

  • Meta Maulida Damayanti Pathology Anatomy Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Bandung, Indonesia
  • Yuniarti Anatomy Department, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Islam Bandung
  • Caecielia Makaginsar Medical Education, Bioethics, and Humanity Department, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Islam Bandung
  • Siska Nia Irasanti Public Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Bandung

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30649/denta.v15i2.1

Keywords:

Body mass index, malnutrition, oral disease

Abstract

Background: To maintain oral health, the body needs good nutrition. The relationship between nutritional status and oral health conditions is very complex, influenced by many factors, both internal and external. Inadequate nutrition can increase the risk of oral disease. Purpose: To analyze the association between malnutrition and oral diseases. Methods: This study used the cross-sectional analytic observational design. Data were collected from the Manarul Huda Islamic Boarding School in Bandung, which 38 participants were selected based on criteria. Body mass index perform to asses nutritional status, while oral disease was collected through form data. Analysis’s data using chi-square and SPSS 23 version. Results: Classification of body mass index the highest in undernutrition group (47.4%) and oral disease the highest for tooth staining (52.6%), there was no significant association between malnutrition and oral disease with p value >0.05. Conclusion: Early analysis of nutritional assessment reduced oral disease. Further assessment will be needed to determine the long-term oral health effect of malnutrition. 

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Published

2021-11-20

How to Cite

Meta Maulida Damayanti, Yuniarti, Caecielia Makaginsar, & Siska Nia Irasanti. (2021). Association of Malnutrition Based on Body Mass Index with A Presence of Oral Disease. DENTA, 15(2), 58–63. https://doi.org/10.30649/denta.v15i2.1

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